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Welcome to the III International Congress on the Anthropology of Salt

As part of the organising committee, we are delighted to invite you to the 3rd International Congress on the Anthropology of Salt to be held in the capital city of The Basque Country, Vitoria-Gasteiz, from the 12th to the 15th of September 2018.

 

Salt is the only edible rock in nature. It is not only essential for the survival of living creatures, but also to increase knowledge of our past. The study of salt has become in the last few decades an extremely valuable source of information.

 

The discipline of Anthropology of Salt was born in 2002 when Dr Marius Alexianu (AICU, Romania) decided to unite under the same framework all the studies about salt that had been developed.

 

The creation and establishment of this discipline initiated in the symposium held at the University of Lasi (Romania) on the same year and continued in 2015 at the same university where the 1st Congress of Anthropology of Salt was held.

 

The success of the initiative made possible the organization of the second Congress in 2017, in Los Cabos (Mexico). There, it was announced that Valle Salado de Añana would be responsible for organising and holding the third edition in 2018.

 

The Valle Salado de Añana Foundation is proud to undertake this task. Its aim, in addition to providing a future for the Valle Salado and the people who work and live there, is to show to the world that the culture and agriculture of salt practised all over the world is of great inherited value acquired from our ancestors that needs to be passed on to future generations.

The Foundation endeavour has already been recognised by the European Union and awarded the Europa Nostra prize in 2015. It has also been classified as a Global Important Agricultural Heritage System (GIAHS) by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

 

Marius Tiberiu Alexianu. President of Scientific Committe 

Agustín Azkarate. Honorary President

Andoni Erkiaga. President of Organizing Committe

Alberto Plata. Executive President

SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE

Agustín AZKARATE GARAI OLAUN - Honorary President

Universidad del País Vasco, Espagne

 

Jean-Claude HOCQUET - Honorary President

Université de Lille III, France

 

Antonio MALPICA CUELLO - Honorary President

Universidad de Granada, España

 

Nuria Elisa MORERE MOLINERO Honorary President

Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, España

 

Blas CASTELLÓN - Honorary President

Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, México

 

Olivier WELLER -  Honorary President

CNRS-University Panthéon-Sorbonne, France

 

Marius Tiberiu ALEXIANU - President

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Iasi, Romania

 

DUMAS Ashley A.- Vice president

University of West Alabama, USA

 

 

 

AMORIM Inês

Universidade do Porto,

Portugal

 

GARAIZAR, Javier

University of the Basque Country,

España

 

ANTIGUEDAD Iñaki

University of the Basque Country,

España

 

GOLLAPUDI Jayaram

Nodal Institution A.P. State Archives and Research Institution, Hyderabad, India

 

BELTRAN COSTA Oriol

Universitat de Barcelona, España

 

GUERRA DOCE Elisa

Universidad de Valladolid, España

 

BLOCH David

M.R.BlochSaltArchive, Israel

 

KAM KAH Henry

University of Buea, Cameroon

 

BRIGAND Robin

University Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris,

France

KAVRUK Valerii

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Iasi, Romania

CARUSI Cristina

University of Texas at Austin, USA

 

LYMAN Igor

Berdyansk State Pedagogical University, Ukraine

 

EUBANKS Paul N.

Middle Tennessee State University, USA

 

MADARIAGA, Juan Manuel

University of the Basque Country, España

 

EZEH P.-J.

University of Nigeria, Nsukka

 

MCKILLOP Heather

Louisiana State University, USA

 

FÍGULS Alfons

Institut de Recerques envers la Cultura, Cardona, España

 

MOINIER Bernard

Consultant en sel, Paris,

France

 

FIELDING Andrew

University of Salford;

Ecosal-UK

 

PLATA MONTERO Alberto

Fundación Valle Salado de Añana, Basque country, España

 

FORSYTHE Wes

University of Ulster,

Ireland

 

PORUCIUC Adrian

Universitatea „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” din Iași, România

 

DI FRAIA Tomaso

Università di Pisa,

Italia

 

SAILE Thomas

Universität Regensburg,
Deutschland

 

FRISBIE Theodore R.

Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, USA

 

TAKAMUNE Kawashima

Yamaguchi University, Japan

 

 

WILLIAMS Eduardo

El Colegio de Michoacán, México

 

ORGANIZING COMMITTEE

Executive President:

Alberto Plata Montero

Fundación Valle Salado de Añana

 

Vice president

Roxana-Gabriela Curca

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Iasi, Romania

 

Honorary president 1

Ramón Ojeda Mestre

Universidad Autónoma Baja California Sur, Mexico

 

Honorary president 2

Andoni Erkiaga Agirre

Fundación Valle Salado de Añana

 

Technical secretary

Noelia Tofé Santa María

Fundación Valle Salado de Añana

 

Maider Koro Maraña Saavedra

Cátedra Unesco de Paisajes y Patrimonio

 

Mónica Luengo Añon

ATP (Arquitectura, Territorio y Paisaje)

 

Mikel Landa Esparza

Landa-Otxandiano Arquitectos

 

Alazne Otxandiano

Landa-Otxandiano Arquitectos

 

Leandro Sánchez Zufiaurre

QARK

 

José Manuel Martínez Torrecilla

QARK

 

Ruben Rodríguez de Yurre

Fundación Valle Salado de Añana

 

Katia Hueso Kortekaas

IPAISAL

 

What is Anthropology of Salt?

Common salt (sodium chloride) is an invisible object for archaeological research, but the ancient texts, the history, the ethnography and our everyday life confirm that both Man and Animal cannot live without it. Salt is a primordial reference for humanity. This “fifth element” is universal in a double sense, diachronically and diatopically. How can archaeology and related disciplines or sciences approximate this soluble good, this “white gold”, this invisible past?

 

From the diatopic and diachronic perspective, common salt—with all its natural or artificial metamorphoses—has influenced humanity in the most diverse aspects. Therefore, within a brief enumeration, the salt-related research themes are intriguingly various: explorations (hunting for salt), exploitation techniques, techniques to obtain different products, exploitation and use tools, transport and storage containers, human and animal feeding, conservation (meat, bacon, cheese, vegetables, green goods, fruits). The themes also include manufacture-related uses (including the construction of salt houses), mythology, religion, cult, rituals, beliefs, superstitions, mentalities, secret societies, magic, vows, curses, prohibitions, popular medicine, sexuality, economy, hide working, population, alchemical procedures, scientific and cultural representations, treatment of the deceased, barter, commerce, contraband, robbery.

 

On the other hand, the themes also include human and animal mobility, the attraction exerted on savage beasts, symbolic uses, folk literature (stories, tales, and proverbs) and cult literature, the control of salt resources, conflicts, strategic value, geographic perceptions, professions related to salt exploitation and uses, economic, legal and administrative regulations, vocabulary, toponymy, anthroponomy and the list can go on.

 

All these themes already constitute a study object for an impressive number of sciences, disciplines, or sub-disciplines, such as archaeology, heritage studies, history, ethnography, ethnoarchaeology, economic anthropology, food sciences, statistics, sociology, geology, mineralogy, geography, hydrology, botany, chemistry, medicine, pharmacology, ethology, theology, agronomy, symbology, linguistics, folklore studies, cultural studies, literary studies, hermeneutics, legal sciences, etc. Obviously, some themes must be approached only in an interdisciplinary vision.

 

More information can be found on the website of the EthnosalRo project — ethnosalro.uaic.ro

 

 

* Cf. M. Alexianu, Anthropology of salt. A first conceptual approach, 2012.

Themes of the Congress

SALT AND INVOLVED SCIENCES:

 

palaeontology, geology, hydrogeology, hydrology, limnology, geography, mineralogy, petrography, limnology, prehistory, archaeology, history, economy, numismatics, ethnography, ethnoarchaeology, heritage studies, museology, economic anthropology, food sciences, statistics, sociology, biology, botany, chemistry, medicine (popular and scientific uses), pharmacology, ethology, agronomy, theology, legal sciences, iconography, linguistics, folklore studies, cultural studies, literary studies, hermeneutics, astronomy, etc.

 

SALT AND:

 

  • - Environment
  • - Natural (physicochemical properties) tangible and intangible heritage
  • - Gastronomy
  • - Human and animal feeding
  • - Preservation (meat, bacon, fish, cheese, vegetables, green goods, fruits, etc.)
  • - Other uses (tanning leather, beauty, cosmetics and make up, etc.)
  • - Economic aspects (barter, commerce, contraband, robbery, etc.)
  • - Legal and administrative regulations
  • - Exploitation practices and industrial exploitations (tools, transport and storage containers, etc.)
  • - Mythologies, religions, cults, rituals, beliefs, superstitions, mentalities, secret societies, magic, vows, curses, voodoo, prohibitions, shamanism, esoterism and witchcraft
  • - Indigenous cultures (ancient customs)
  • - Folk literature (stories, tales, and proverbs) and cult literature
  • - Vocabulary, toponymy, anthroponymy, phraseology
  • - Art (art rock and petroglyphs, painting, sculpture, cinema, music, photography)
  • - Art craft
  • - Tourism
  • - Types of salt, salt waters (oceans, seas, lakes, ponds, rivers, springs), salt outcrops, salty soils
  • - Bacterial, microbial and animal life in salt waters
  • - Desalinization
  • - Human and animal mobility
  • - Control of salt resources, strategic value, conflicts, manufacture-related uses (including the construction of salt houses and winter de-icing operations)
  • - Hunting
  • - Sexuality
  • - Hide-working
  • - Alchemical procedures
  • - Treatment of the deceased
  • - Symbolic uses
  • - Scientific and cultural representations
  • - History of sciences
  • - Space exploration and colonization
  • - Professions
  • - Academic education
  • - The Encyclopaedia of Salt
Organizers
Collaborators
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